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Meals & nutrition

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David Nguyen
David Nguyen

E On The Plant Factory

Yes: Legacy VUE versions can load generic geometry assets, such as .3ds, .obj or.dae (the latest legacy versions of VUE 2016 can also load .fbx and .abc). So technically speaking, you could get PlantCatalog Exporter (which requires a full PlantCatalog license) and export the plant species as standard geometry to use within your legacy VUE software. You will however not be able to retain the procedural definitions within VUE (to populate EcoSystem with different instances for instance).

e on the plant factory

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Yes, you are allowed to use all plants in commercial projects, be it for moving or still images or for embedding models into compiled applications such as games, provided that they cannot be extracted by the end user.

Example # 2: you are in violation of the EULA if you sell or share publicly a plant species you have created from scratch, but such species uses any of the texture maps (unchanged or modified) that ship with PlantCatalog content.

PlantFactory 2021.2: experimental new Unreal Engine pluginIn addition, PlantFactory gets a new Unreal Engine integration plugin, making it possible to import plants in native .tpf format into the game engine, and edit their growth parameters.

Tags: 3ds max, AMD, Arnold, Arnold material, atmosphere, C4D, Cinema 4D, clear coat material, clearcoat channel, collaboration, connector, CPU denoising, DeNoiser, digital nature, e-on, e-on software, EcoSystem, game art, game development, Game Engine, GPU denoising, integration, integration plugin, landscape generation, LightWave, limitations, Live Sync, material conversion, Maya, new features, NVIDIA, OIDN, Omniverse, Open Image Denoise, OptiX, path tracer, PBR, PBR material, physically based material, plang generation, plant creation, plant generation, PlantFactory, PlantFactory 2021.2, PlantFactory R7, plugin, price, real time, Redshift, Redshift material, render denoising, RenderMan, RenderMan material, restrictions, SBSAR, Substance, system requirements, terrain generation, UE4, Universal Scene Description, Unreal Engine, USD, vegetation, vfx, visual effects, Vue, Vue 2021.2, Vue R7

The CityEngine 2013 plant library contains over 80 species of trees, shrubs, and flowers and is available in full 3D and 2-1/2D fan-style formats. The library works directly with any CityEngine rule base to create tree-lined streets, parks, and forests directly inside a CityEngine scene. When exported into LumenRT, CityEngine plants are automatically converted into high-fidelity breeze animated vegetation.

E-on software is pleased to announce the immediate availability of the LumenRT 4.4 GeoDesign Plugin which is fully compatible with the new ESRI CityEngine 2013. The LumenRT 4.4. GeoDesign plugin adds the ability to work directly with CityEngine 2013 plants and improves the export of CityEngine terrain objects. Current LumenRT GeoDesign users can download the plugin directly from their e-on account page.

Since the functional monoclonal antibody was produced in tobacco [2], currently hundreds of recombinant proteins have been produced from various plants such as tobacco, rice, maize, potato, alfalfa, lettuce, tomato, carrot, and soybean [3]. Among those, bovine trypsin derived from maize has been commercialized since 2002 [4]. Glucocerebrosidase produced in carrot cell culture as the treatment of Gaucher's disease has been first approved for human use by United States Food and Drug Administration [3]. In addition, anti-Ebola antibody (known as ZMapp) produced in tobacco was used for human during 2014 West Africa Ebola virus outbreak [5]. Plant factory for vaccine production is basically same other nutrition or biopharmaceutical production, and also mainly use horticulture system within integrated shielding places such as greenhouses. Although plant-based human vaccines are not approved yet, several vaccine candidates against pathogens such as influenza, norovirus, hepatitis B virus, or rabies virus have been successfully produced in various transgenic plants and tested for their safety and efficacy under clinical trials (Table 1) [6,7,8,9,10,11,12]. For veterinary vaccine, Newcastle disease vaccine derived from tobacco cells was first approved for poultry use by United States Department of Agriculture [13]. In addition, many of recombinant viral proteins from plant system as human or veterinary vaccines have been tested for their immunogenicity against various viruses including human immunodeficiency virus, Ebola, rotavirus, Japanese encephalitis, foot-and-mouth disease virus, and bovine viral diarrhea virus [3,14].

Host plants for vaccine production can be grown massively in plant factory system than in conventional soil-based practice. Plant factory system uses artificial environment controlling CO2 concentration, light quality and quantity, temperature, humidity, and most importantly defined hydroponics media, which secures reproductive and cleaner conditions. Plant factory can supply more benefits to develop and produce vaccines as compared to conventional expression systems. For instance, in the case of pandemic outbreak of influenza, the fast production and scalability of plant factory could be attractive. While egg-based vaccine production takes at least 6 months, Medicago Inc. reported that the functional hemagglutinin (HA) virus like particle vaccine can be produced in plants within 21 days from identification of sequence for pandemic influenza [15]. The Fraunhofer Centre for Molecular Biotechnology also reported that it takes just over a month to yield purified HA antigens [16]. These vaccines have shown to be highly immunogenic in preclinical animal model, which showed protection against lethal virus challenge, and in human volunteers. Another advantage is probably lower expense for production and easier routines to get bulk stock proteins: 10 to 50 times lower than products derived from Escherichia coli and 140 times lower as compared to production of baculovirus-based insect cells [17]. In addition, plant expression system is safer than conventional expression platform because plants do not contain animal and human pathogens.

Despite of these advantages of plant expression system, only a few of vaccine candidates are under clinical trials and commercial human vaccines are not available due to low level of expression, relatively weak efficacy, and comparatively shallow knowledge on the characteristics of plant-made antigen and production system. It is a challenge to select target antigens carefully and proper plants for high production because the expression levels of the antigen depend on the particular target and specific host plant. An antigen may be highly compatible with one host plant, but not with others [18]. Lack of the consistency of transgene expression in different batches and individual plant within same batch is also a barrier for the application of the plant-based vaccine as an expected oral vaccine. Because of the antigen expression variability, evaluation of the vaccine doses required by individuals is quite challenging.

Glycosylation for the protein folding usually generates different surface affinity of the proteins. Plant specific glycosylation pathway consisting of N-glycan (core β-(1,2) xylose and core α-(1,3)) fucose moieties is another major challenge for substituting the plant-derived vaccine as an alternative bioreactors of mammalian cell culture due to allergic reactions [19]. However, this challenge has been overcome by either altering the pathway like targeting the antigen production in endoplasmic reticulum where high-Man-type N-glycans are produced or knocking out the α-(1,3) fucose and β-(1,2) xylose [20]. In other perspective, it could be seen as an advantage in that chances to alternate the folding formation of expressed proteins and binding capacity of the surface antigens. This property may generate more candidates for better vaccination efficacy or larger possibility to find working antigens for the diseases which are difficult for vaccine development such as acquired immune deficiency syndrome. It is notable that different plant polysaccharides are evaluated as adjuvants [21]. However, this issue should be addressed in the future.

Kozai T, Uraisami K, Kai K, Hayashi E. Some thoughts on productivity indexes of plant factory with artificial lighting (PFAL), Proc. of International Symposium on Environment Control Technology for Value-added Plant Production, Beijing, China. Aug. 27-30, 2019.

Kozai T, Amagai Y, Hayashi E. Towards sustainable plant factories with artificial lighting (PFALs). in Chapter 6: Achieving Sustainable Greenhouse Cultivation. Eds: L. Marcelis and E. Heuvelink), Burleigh Dsugureta odds Science, 2019.

Kikuchi Y. Life cycle assessment (Chapter 24). in Plant factory: An indoor vertical farming system for efficient quality food production.(Eds: Kozai T, Niu G, Takagaki M.), Academic Press, 2015. 321-329.

Content Collections: Plant Collections are now automatically synchronized with the Cornucopia3D TPF Nursery, allowing direct access to hundreds of TPF plant species, directly from within the software interface.

Designed for CG artists using any 3D application (such as 3DS Max, Maya, Cinema 4D, Softimage, LightWave, Modo, etc), this very simple version of Plant Factory lets the users purchase exactly the plant species they need, generate variations, adjust age, health and season, and export as static 3D meshes.

Today, the internet of things is transforming manufacturing plants like Factory ZERO, enabling connected devices to deliver important benefits to quality and safety. Countless systems and equipment rely on connectivity, such as robotics, sensors and the Automated Guided Vehicles that deliver materials across the factory floor.

The original Oshawa (North) plant opened in 1907 as a McLaughlin Motor Car Co. plant. It produced McLaughlin-Buick cars by fitting Buick engines and chassis to McLaughlin bodies. It also built Chevrolets for Chevrolet Motor Co. beginning in 1915 as the Chevrolet Motor Car Co. of Canada. McLaughlin Motor Car Co. and the Chevrolet Motor Car Co. of Canada were bought out by GM in 1918 becoming GM of Canada. GM of Canada continued to make Chevrolets and McLaughlin-Buicks (which became simply Buick after WWII) and also assembled Oakland 1921-1930, Oldsmobile 1920-1942, 1946-1969, Marquette 1929-1930, Buick 1908-1942, 1951-1971, LaSalle 1927-1930, 1932-1935, Cadillac 1923-1936. Pontiac production in Oshawa began shortly after US production in 1926. Chevrolet trucks were made beginning in 1919 and GMC trucks were made beginning in 1923 before truck production shifted to the Oshawa Truck plant located next to the South car plant in 1965. Oshawa also produced 65 Samson trucks from 1920-1921. Oshawa also produced military vehicles and equipment during both WWI and WWII.


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